The full text of the agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada is available here. Beginning in 1855, when Canada was under British control, free trade between the North British And U.S. colonies was established as part of the reciprocity agreement. In 1866, a year before Canadian Confederation, the United States Congress voted to repeal the treaty. Canada`s first prime minister, John A. Macdonald, tried and failed to reintroduce reciprocity, after which the government moved to a more protectionist policy. Many politicians were increasingly concerned that closer economic relations with the United States would lead to political annexation.  The phenomenon of “cross-border shopping,” in which Canadians would make day trips to U.S. border towns to use duty-free goods and a high Canadian dollar, caused a mini-boom for these cities. The loss of many Canadian jobs, particularly in Ontario`s manufacturing industry during the recession of the early 1990s, was attributed (fairly or not) to the free trade agreement.
During the negotiations, Canada retained the right to protect its cultural industries and sectors such as education and health. Some resources, such as water, should also be removed from the agreement. Canadians have failed to win free competition for U.S. government procurement. Canadian negotiators also emphasized the inclusion of a dispute resolution mechanism.  One of the key elements of the agreement was the elimination of tariffs, the removal of many non-tariff barriers, and it was one of the first trade agreements on trade in services. It also included a dispute resolution mechanism for a fair and timely resolution of trade disputes. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), signed by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, Mexican President Carlos Salinas and U.S.
President George H.W. Bush, came into force on January 1, 1994. NAFTA has created economic growth and a rising standard of living for the people of the three member countries. By strengthening trade and investment rules and procedures across the continent, Nafta has proven to be a solid foundation for building Canada`s prosperity. NAFTA replaced Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (CUFTA). Negotiations on CUFTA began in 1986 and the agreement entered into force on 1 January 1989. The two nations agreed on a landmark agreement that put Canada and the United States at the forefront of trade liberalization. For more information, visit the Canada-U.S.
Free Trade Agreement information page. As the agreement indicates, the main objectives of the Canada-U.S. free trade agreement were the main objectives: the Liberal Party of Canada had traditionally supported free trade.  Free trade in natural products was a central theme in the 1911 Canadian Legislative Elections.